Prayer is one of the central elements of Islamic practice and worship.
Indeed, it is the second of the Five Pillars of Islam and, along with the testimony of faith,
the pilgrimage to Mecca, fasting the month of Ramadan and paying the poor tax,
forms the essential framework of religious life for Muslims. More than that,
the observance of the ritual prayer forms the framework of each Muslim’s day,
from the pre-dawn morning prayer to the night prayer that precedes sleep